The Izaña Atmospheric Observatory (IZO) is at the island of Tenerife at 28º18’N, 16º29’W, 2373 m a.s.l. The observatory is located on the top of a mountain plateau in a pre-national park area (Teide National Park) that is environmentally protected by the "Sky Law". IZO is normally above a temperature inversion layer, generally well established over the island, and so free of local anthropogenic influences.
||16º 29' 57.78'' W
||28º 18' 32.34'' N
At the Izaña Observatory clean air and clear sky conditions are prevailing around all the year. Firstly, it is located in the region below the descending branch of the Hadley cell, typically above a stable inversion layer. Secondly, it is situated on an island far away from any significant industrial activities. Consequently it offers excellent conditions for in-situ measurements of trace gases and aerosols under “free troposphere” conditions and for atmospheric observations by remote sensing techniques. The environmental conditions and pristine skies are optimal for calibration and validation activities. Due to its geographic location it is in particular valuable for the investigation of dust transport from Africa to the North Atlantic, and large scale transport from the tropics to higher latitudes.
IARC has two complementary stations. The research air quality (GURME Prgram) station is located on the roof of the IARCheadquarters (SCO, 52 m a.s.l.) in the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, very near the city harbour and is named SCO.
||Altitude: 52 m
||16º 14' 50.5'' W
||28º 28' 21.1'' N
The second complementary facility is the ozonesonde station, provisionally at the Meteorological Center of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. This facility will be soon moved to the Canary Islands Institute of Agrarian Research's (ICIA) Laboratory at the Botanic Garden in Puerto de la Cruz.